The act of prediction, itself, is the application of probability to determine what might happen. For example, if a person takes an action once, you might expect them to do it again. However, if that action caused a poor or negative result, you’d most likely expect the person not to do it again. Now, let’s make it more complex. Say that the person has taken the action in some situations, but not in others. By analyzing the details of each situation, determining the differences and factors in each one, you could begin to predict the likelihood of the person’s actions in a given context. Thus, to make a reasonable prediction for the future, you must have clear insight into past events, complete with context.